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Adobe Premiere Pro - Advanced Training

What are J & L transitions in Premiere Pro

Daniel Walter Scott

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Hey there, we're going to start with transitions now. Hey, we're out of the color zone, we're into transition zone. We're going to start with probably one of the most basic, up from a Jump cut is the J & L cut. We've got one, two, three clips, and the way to cross and bridge the gap between them, isn't the Barn doors or Page Peel, it is leading the audio, can you see, there's the audio wrapping underneath this one. So there's a bit of crossover, that is the J, there'll be a capital J here, and there's an L here, so they're very similar. 

They allow the audio from one track to help blend with the next, helping show a relationship, and it is a really nice polished way of kind of upgrading your jump cuts. Let's have a quick little look, go back a bit, "…best you can in everything that she does, and we encourage her to do things that she doesn't think she can, but we know she can." "That's kind of hard." That's a J, that's a L. "How come you're at that, did you…" "I love that they're girlie." There you go, let's go and make it. 

All right, to get started in this new section with transitions, our workspace is looking messy, I'm going to go from whatever we were before, I'm going to go to editing, I'm going to right click and go 'Reset to Save Layout', just to kind of, like get back to some sort of normality. So the J and L cut, basically I showed you at the beginning there, what they look like, so let's actually do it. We have got in your Transitions folder, so 'Exercise Files', 'Transitions', let's grab 'J and L cuts 01', '02', and '03'. Let's dump them into a sequence, and make sure they're in right order, 01, 02, 03. 

Now audio plays a big part in this one, so what I'm going to do is just get the audio, to all sound at least the same levels, select them all. We're going to do audio properly later on, but ' Window', let's go to 'Essential Sound', let's make sure it's all dialogue, and let's say the loudness is all matched. You'll notice down here, in a second, they all kind of balance to be at least the same levels, because there's three, two, one, different shots, all different kind of microphones and levels. So we're all the same now. 

Now let's start with the J card, it's that big J, you can see it there, J down, and that way. There'll be a little overlay there from the editor. What I want to do is, I want more audio to kind of lap underneath this. So what I'm going to do is, I'm going to drag the audio down track, these are still linked, and this is going to work. I'm going to-- I want to temporarily make this shorter. I can unlink them, that just might be easier for you, go here, go to 'Unlink', or click on this little icon, this one here, 'Link Selected', you can work on them separately. I'm going to be fancy and try and keep them selected. 

So I'm going to 'Link Selected', click off, and I'm going to hold down my 'Command' key on a Mac, no, I'm going to hold down 'Option' key on a Mac, the 'Alt' key on a PC, just to select just this part. I'm going to say, I want this to be a bit shorter, and a bit shorter, so I can have a little bit of-- now I can click back off, click back on, because I want that, I want there to be, a little bit of lead in here. So let's make this bigger, and now it's just getting it to blend, because now they do-- it's a bit abrupt, watch this, let's play it through. 

"She does, and we encourage her to do things, that she doesn't think she can, but we know she can." That's not bad, but what I'm going to do is I'm going to add, see this line here, I'm going to hold my 'Command' key down, click once, click again towards the beginning. So 'Command' key on a Mac, 'Ctrl' key on a PC, and I want to drag this down. So there's a little bit of a ramp before it gets in here. You could use an audio transition, "…to do things that she doesn't think she can, but we know she can." "It's so hard." 

So maybe even comes in a little bit further along there. So there's my J cut, the audio precedes the shot that we're moving to, and it helps introduce it, and show the connection between the two, really simple transition. I know it's like, it's not the Page Peel where we wanted. If you do start using the Page Peel, where is the Page Peel? I will find you, here we go, Page Peel, Page Peel, I'll find you, it'll be trouble, "I think she can, but we know she can." 

You can use the Page Peel. So the L cuts the opposite. So I did kind of, I did it, already kind of tucked in the end here, we'll do it the kind of slightly longer way, just, it can be a little bit easier, rather than remembering all the shortcuts, just unlink them. You'll find that this will be up here, I've dragged it to its own track, so that's separate, because there's going to be some overlapping going on. I'm going to grab you, tuck it in, how far? 

There's a little bit of playing with this, I'm going to turn it back on, 'Link Selection', that's why I like shortcut, and go, you, and I'll probably do the same kind of transition. So holding 'Command' key on a Mac, 'Ctrl' key on a PC, clicking a couple of times, and you've got some things to adjust, and yeah, let's have a look. "I love that they're girlie…" It's a way of saying we're changing places, but there is a really strong connection between these two, and it does add to the fluidity of-- that's not a word, news and editing, but the flow of story telling. 

So you won't find J and L cuts here, in the Effects panel, under Transitions, but it's probably one of the most used. If you haven't used it before, start trying using it, and you will find there's this, like, "Oh," it's like the icing on the cake for these edits. All right, so that's it, let's get into another transition.